3.0 MANUSCRIPT FORMAT AND STRUCTURE
- Refer the latest articles and manuscript template from JFAS for format of each section. There is no page limit for manuscripts. The article should be typewritten in Times New Roman font (double space) with font size 12.
- Title (should be clear, descriptive and not too long) Font size 14, uppercase, left aligned.
- Please Do Not Include Author Name and Affiliation in Word File as we follow double blind peer review process.
- Structured Abstract
- Keywords (indexing terms), normally 3-6 items.
- Introduction (should include recent references)
- Materials studied, area descriptions, methods, techniques (Include permission of Animal Ethics Committee if needed)
- Results and Discussion- The results and discussion should be combined to avoid repetition
- Acknowledgement if any
- Competing interest statement
- Authors’ Contributions (include in revised manuscript only) as we follow double blind peer review process.
- Research article: 20% references must be of research/review papers published during past five years. Review article: 30% references must from papers published during past five years.
- Figure captions
- References: title of the article, name of the journal (abbreviation of journal in italics), volume number in bold type and page numbers should be included in the form. Abbreviation for the title of the journal should be in accordance with the “World list of scientific periodicals”.
Guidelines for citation and listing of references in the article
Citation of references in the text
- When using common knowledge
Facts and information in common use, that can be verified in a number of places and are likely to be known by a large number of people, are known as “common knowledge”. When a common knowledge is referred, a source need not be cited. For example: “Thymus is a primary lymphatic organ”.
Place the year within parenthesis immediately after author’s last name or surname (without initials) or if the reference is cited after writing a sentence, it shall be surname followed by a comma and the year, both in parenthesis as in: “Mariappa (1985) reported that the optic nerves, optic chiasma and optic tracts were slender in elephants”.
“According to Mariappa (1985), the optic nerves, optic chiasma and optic tracts were slender in elephants”.
“Optic nerves, optic chiasma and optic tracts were slender in elephants (Mariappa, 1985)”.
3. One work by two authors
“Radek and Piasecki (2007) reported that the thyroid gland was supplied by cranial, middle and caudal thyroid arteries in birds” At the end of the sentence, “Thyroid gland was supplied by cranial, middle and caudal thyroid arteries in birds (Radek and Piasecki, 2007)”
4. One work by multiple authors
If a work has been done by more than two authors, (eg. Breit, S.,Konig, H. E. and Stoger, E), then write the name of the first author followed by et al., meaning, “and co-workers”. Write, “Breit et al. (1998) reported that the thyroid follicles had a greater volume of colloid during summer season in poultry”.
5. More than one work to support a statement
If a statement, a view or a finding is similar to that reported by many earlier workers, cite all the names of the authors along with the years in chronological order. “Arey (1957), Jenkins (1978) and Sadler (2004) reported that in vertebrate embryos, brain flexures developed as a result of unequal growth process” or “In vertebrate embryos, brain flexures developed as a result of unequal growth process (Arey, 1957; Jenkins, 1978; Sadler, 2004).
Listing references in the “References” section
All the references cited in the MS must be listed in the “References” section. References are to be listed in alphabetical order according to the surname of the author or that of the first of a number of authors. Then, the year of the publication is given after putting a period after the name of the author, for example: Sadler, T.W. 2004. After the year, write the title of the article or the book. In the case of text books, name of the publisher, place of publication and inclusive page numbers are also to be given. When more than one place of publication is given, write only the first one.
For Journal article, the sequence is: author, year, name of the article, name of the journal, volume number, issue number and page numbers.
Note the following points while listing the references:
Do not abbreviate the titles of books. Write them in ‘Title case’ italics. In the case of textbooks and theses, give total number of pages. For example: a book of 420 pages shall be listed as 420p. In the case of an edited book, give the first and last page numbers of the chapter as pp. 33- 68.
Book by one author
Sadler, T.W. 2004. Langman’s Medical Embryology. (9th Ed.). Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, 534p.
Book by two authors
Singh, U.B. and Sulochana, S. 1996. Handbook of Histological and Histochemical Techniques. Premier Publishing House, Hyderabad, Hip.
Book by more than two authors
Dyce, K.M., Sack, W.O. and Wensing, C.J.G. 1996. Textbook of Veterinary Anatomy. (2°d Ed.). W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 856p.
Book by a corporate (group) author
KVASU [Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University]. 2012. Academic Handbook. (1st Ed.). Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Pookode, 172p.
Note: In-text citation “(KVASU, 2012).”
Book with an editor
Fletcher, T. F. 1993. Nervous system. In: Dellmann, H.D. (ed.), Textbook of Veterinary Histology. (4lh Ed.). Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, pp. 87- 107.
2. Journal articles
Format: Author(s), Year, Title of the article, Journal title (abbreviated, in italics), Volume number (bold), Issue No. in parenthesis, page numbers.
Name of the article in a journal shall be in ’Sentence case’. The title of a thesis shall also be like a journal article (ie. in ‘Sentence case’). While writing names of journals, use standard journal abbreviations. Common journal abbreviations are given in the Annexure. Include volume and issue number, if each issue is paginated separately. In the case of journals that follow continuous page numbering for a particular volume there is no harm in omitting the issue number. Give inclusive pagination (ie. first and last page numbers of the article), eg. 23-28.
General rulesfor journal abbreviations:
- One-word journal titles are never abbreviated, e.g., “Nature”, “Science”, “Biochemistry”, “Biotechnology”, etc.
- Some words in the titles are not abbreviated but written as such, for example: Acta, Cell, Dairy, Drug, Tissue, Methods, etc.
- Certain country or city names are abbreviated, for example: Am. for American, Br. for British, Can. for Canadian, Jpn. for Japanese, Calif, for Californian, Loud, for London, Camb, for Cambridge, etc. However, some country names, such as India / Indian, Sweden/Swedish, etc. are not abbreviated.
- All the abbreviations in the journal should start with a capital letter.
- Put a period after the abbreviation, for example: J. (Journal), Sci. (Science), Rev. (Review), etc.
Journal article by one author
Rao,G.S. 1991. Ovine hippocampus. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 61:168-169.
Journal article by two authors
Gupta, S.K. and Sharma, D.N. 1990. Biometry of the bovine skull. Indian J. Anim. Res. 24:110-114.
Journal article by multiple authors
Pramod, S., Nair, N.D., Ambily, V.R., Hiron, M., Vijayan, N. and Nair, G.K. 2012. Pathology of lymphoid organs in experimental duck cholera. Indian Vet. J. 89:20-22.
Journal article accepted for publication (but not yet published)
Journal articles or other works accepted for publication but not yet published should be referred to as “in press”. The ‘in press’ category includes manuscripts about which the authors have received written notification from the journal that they have been accepted for publication following the journal’s pre-publication procedures such as peer review. For example:
Malik, K.C., Mishra, P.C., Mishra, P.K. and Panda, N. 2013. Study on seasonal variations in seminal characteristics of synthetic colour cocks. Indian J. Vet. Anat. (in press).
Arunima, S.S. 2011. Postnatal development of lymph nodes in Kuttanad duck (Anasplatyrhynchos domesticus). M. KSc thesis, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Pookode, 66p.
Shiju, S., Ramani, C., Rao, GD. and Kannan, T.A. 2012. Traumatic ocular proptosis in Pug and its management [abstract]. In: Compendium, National Symposium on Advances in Applied Anatomy of Domestic and Wild Animals- an Interdisciplinary Approach for Animal Health and Wealth’, 28th to 30* November, 2012, Mannuthy. Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, p. 17. Abstract No. 3.7.
Evans, D.O. and Rotar, P.P. 1987. Sesbania in Agriculture. Westview Tropical Agriculture Series No. 8, Westview Press/ Boulder, London. 192p.
Smith, P. L. 2002. Particle trap for compressed gas insulated transmission systems, US Patent No. 4554399.
- Electronic and online sources
Only reliable sources may be considered while using online references. Generally, websites maintained by reputed Universities, institutes and organizations can be considered as authentic sources. The details required for electronic sources are basically the same as those required for print sources. The additional information that is required is the type of medium, the address or URL (uniform resource locator) and the date of access from the internet.
Article in an online journal/e-journal
Schreyer, J.H. 2012. Juvenile dentistry in dogs and cats. Vet. Focus [on line], 22 (3). Available: http://www.ivis.org/journals/vetfocus/ 22_3/en/l.pdf. ISSN22 [22 Jan.2013],
Book available only on the internet
Jarrard, R.D. 2001. Scientific Methods [book on-line]. Dept, of Geology and Geophysics, University of Utah. Available: http://www.mines. utah.edu/geo/people/ faculty/jarrard/ Text/booktoc.html. [30 Oct. 2003]
- Papers will be subjected to editorial revision that may be dictated by the general rules governing the presentation in the journal. The Editorial board retains the right to accept the papers and no reason will be given in case of non-acceptance of articles.
- The article will be returned to the authors after review. It should be resubmitted after making corrections according to referee’s comments. Final correction of the article should be strictly in accordance with the revisions suggested by the referee. Authors are not permitted to do any major additions or deletions in the article after the referee correction.
- English is the official language. The Editor /or Co-Editors reserve the right to make literary corrections and to make suggestions to improve brevity, but the paper must be previously revised for English by the authors. If English is not the mother tongue of authors, they must seek help from one of the following agencies (or other similar official agencies).
- Abbreviations, Symbols, and Nomenclature: All specifications must be stated according to the S.I. system. Concentrations of chemical solutions are to be given in mol/l. All other concentrations should be given in % (volume or weight). Any abbreviations of chemical, biological, medical or other terms should only be employed when it is certain that they are internationally known. The full name must be stated in brackets when the abbreviation is first used.
All biological, medical, chemical or other terms should be used according to the most recent recommendations of the respective international nomenclature. Enzymes should be given in I.U. (International Units), according to Enzyme Nomenclature (Elsevier Publishing Co., 1965). In the case of commercially obtained substances or reagents, when they are first mentioned in the text, the name and address of the manufacturer or supplier should be given as a footnote. Products (preparations etc.) with a registered trademark should be marked with.
Bacterial names should be in accordance with the latest edition of Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology (The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore). Viruses are to be given the classification and names recommended by the International Committee on the Nomenclature of Viruses.
Names of micro-organisms and zoological names should be in italics in the manuscript.